TARİH KOKAN KENT GAZİANTEP

Leyla Özbakır Özkan

TARİH KOKAN KENT GAZİANTEP

Tarihi soluyarak yaşadığımız kenttir Gaziantep. İpek Yolu üzerindeki konumu bu güzel kente tarihi dokusuyla  pek cömert davranmıştır.Geçmişte İpek Yolu, kente ticari gelişmişlik getirmesiyle Osmanlı döneminde ticari kervanların ve yolcuların geceyi rahat ve güvende geçirip mallarını güvenle satabilmeleri adına han  ihtiyacı oluşmuştur.Günümüzde 21 han ve 3 bedesten, şehrin merkezinde olup hala hazırda restorasyon çalışmaları ile ayakta duran ticaret ve konaklama görevini görmekte, yerli ve yabancı turistlere hizmet vermektedir. Kentte hanlar,Osmanlı döneminde askeri açıdan güvenli olup İpek Yoluna yakınlığı sebebiyle sayıca çok, bir yada iki katlı, çok kapılı,geniş avlulu olarak inşa edilmiştir.

Günümüzde birçok handa yeme,içme,dinlenme,çoğunluğu etnik, hediyelik eşya imalat ve satış butikleriyle (bakır,sedef,yemeni gibi el sanatları)ziyaretçilerin mekanı haline dönüşmüştür...Çarşının merkezinde olan bu hanlar kent halkının ihtiyacı dışında yerli ve yabancı turistlerin rahatlıkla alış veriş yapıp, konaklayıp, eğlenecekleri  mistik mekanlardır.

15.yy ile 19.yy arası yapılmış olan bu hanlar ziyaretçiler için uğradıkları özel mekanlardır.Tarihe tanıklık etmiş bu güzel hanlar Hışva,Millet,Kürkçü ,İnceoğlu,Gümrük,Emir Ali,Mecidiye,Tuz,Şıra,Yemiş,Anadolu,Yeni,Yüzükçü,Küçük Buğday Pazarı,Büyük Buğday Pazarı,Bayaz,Güven,Kumru ,Pürsefa,Sabuncu ve Şeker gibi hanların yanı sıra Zincirli,Aziziye ve Mecidiye bedestenlerin turizm ve ticarette kente katkısı küçümsenemez.

Bu otantik mekanlarda esnaflarının yaptığı el sanatlarını seyretmek, seyirci iken kendini o, el emeği göz nuru el sanatlarının bir ucundan tutarak yapmaya çalışıyor bulmak ,esnafın sevecen davranışları, girdiğiniz handan çıkasınız gelmeksizin, eğlenerek öğrenmenin tadına varmak da bir başka ayrıcalıktır.  Bakır yada gümüş fincanlarda kömürde kahvenin tadını söylememe gerek dahi yok. Genelde girdiğiniz han avluları rengarenk kilim desenli masalarla süslenmiş olup, ziyaretçilerin yemek yada çay, kahve içerken dinlenme zamanında butikleri izlemeleri mola ayrıcalığıdır gerçekten.  Zira çeşitli el sanatlarının satışı yapılan butikler, sırasıyla yan yana dizilmiş odacıklar olup, kapıları han avlusuna açılmaktadır. 

Bugün hem modernize yapıları hem de tarihi dokuları günümüze kadar gelmiş olup hala hazırda kullanılan han ve bedestenler Gaziantep’in olmazsa olmazlarıdır.

Otantik ortamda tarihi soluyarak bir fincan kömürde kahveye ne dersiniz, hiç fena olmaz değil mi?O zaman buyurun bekleriz.Sevgiyle kalın,hayatı görerek yaşayanlar...

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  

8.05.2019 (Leyla Özbakır Özkan)

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